Greek architecture has evolved since it was first developed in the 7th century BC by Alexander the Great, who laid the foundations of much of what would later become modern day Greece. The ancient Greek civilization came from the Greeks-speaking population whose culture flourished in the islands of the northern Mediterranean, including the Peloponnesus, the Aegean islands, and various colonies in Anatolia, Italy, and the Middle East for a relatively brief period from at least 500 BC to the 1st century A.D. The earliest surviving architectural works date back to around 600 BC when the first classical Greek buildings still exist.
Although Greece did not experience a large influx of settlers during that era, many of those Greeks did settle in Greece, and so many of those buildings that were built during that time were Greek in origin. The Greeks were also very active in the Mediterranean region during this time, building strong relationships with their neighbors as they fought for dominance over the region. They also had strong ties to Rome, who was also expanding its influence into the region. When Rome eventually defeated the Greeks, there was a great deal of distrust between Rome and the remaining Greeks, but this did not last long, and relations between the two parties have been relatively peaceful ever since.
The great majority of architecture which can be seen in Greece is either Hellenistic or Post-Byzantine. Although there is no exact way to define what constitutes the characteristics of each of these periods, they are essentially characterized by an emphasis on symmetry and balance in architecture and the use of large blocks to support the building. This is in stark contrast to the smaller more rectangular structures which are commonly found in other civilizations. These smaller and much simpler structures have often been used as barns, farms, or for storage. There are many examples of Hellenistic architecture in the country which can be dated as far back as the 2nd century B.C., although many of these buildings were built during the period of Roman rule.
The most famous of the Hellenistic buildings in Greece are the Parthenon in Athens and the Temple of Zeus in Olympia. These two sites became a major attraction for visitors looking for evidence of the great architects of the era, and many visitors to Greece still pay visits to these monuments. The Parthenon is considered by many to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World, having played a major role in the Greek and Roman culture.
The Greeks built many other large structures which also contributed greatly to Greek architecture in the first half of the 8th century, although some of these structures are not recognized as being Hellenistic by historians. The Colosseum in Rome is one such structure. Although it was constructed to house gladiators fighting for the Roman Empire, it was actually a stadium for religious gatherings. The Colosseum was the site of two world renowned gladiator fights that involved Roman military leaders such as Julius Caesar, General Hannibal, and Cleopatra. The Parthenon is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is considered to be the finest example of Classical Greek architecture.
As far back as the 7th century, the Pyramids of Giza, built in Egypt, became the most famous of all Greek architecture, although other pyramids have become popular in the 21st century. The temples and other large, ancient buildings also became hugely popular in the country. These buildings were a major draw for tourists and residents alike, especially the Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus. The Temple of Athena Nike and the Parthenon were important in the Greco-Roman religion, and the symbolism behind these ancient structures are very important to both Greeks and Romans alike.
The Acropolis is another popular attraction for visitors to Greece. This ancient stone column, which stood on top of a hill, was originally built to honor the gods of Greece and Rome, and also to mark the site of the landing of Alexander the Great on this island. It is located near the ancient ruins of Mycenae. Other prominent ancient Greek buildings include the Parthenon, which is considered to be the largest of the Seven Wonders of the World, as well as the Temple of Artemis Olympia, which was the site of the Olympic Games held during the fourth century B.C. The ruins of the Parthenon date back more than three thousand years, and it is a must to see if you are visiting Greece. The Temple of Artemis is the only religious building in the city that was originally designed by an architect.
Today, there are many Greek buildings that have become tourist attractions all over the world, and the majority of these buildings can be viewed by tourists from any part of the world, although the best places to visit are the cities of Athens and the Pelion Peninsula. Athens is the capital of Greece, while the Pelion Peninsula is located in the northwest part of the country.
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Ancient Greek architecture originally came from the original Greek-speakers whose culture thrived on the island of the Ionian Sea, in the Peloponnesia, on the northern coast of the Ionian Sea, for over five thousand years before the start of the Roman Empire in the 2nd century. The most outstanding monuments of Greek art have ...
The Greeks had a very interesting culture and ancient Greece was at the center of all that was happening in the Mediterranean region. The Greeks are well known for their great artwork and their architectural styles. There is much to learn about the ancient Greek civilization, and many people do not know about some ...