Modern architecture, also called modernist architecture or futuristic architecture, was a modern architectural style founded on new and innovative technologies of building, especially the use of steel, glass, and concrete; the belief that form should complement function; an adoption of minimalism; and opposition to ornament. In addition, many proponents of this architecture movement believed that it offered a way out of the rigid limitations of traditional architecture and that the structure itself should be open to change. Many modernists also considered it a reaction against the contemporaryist movement, which had begun in France in the early 1900s and which emphasized the importance of uniformity in architecture as a way to increase both uniformity and consistency of design.
The main characteristics of modern architecture are an increased reliance on engineering techniques, including engineering innovations such as the cantilever, which permits a structure to bend around an axis while staying upright; an increased use of non-traditional materials, such as steel and glass, which are easy to work with, and can be molded in a variety of ways to create a more dynamic appearance. Architects and designers of this style of architecture sought to achieve a state of constant change and invention in their buildings and spaces. Modernists also believed that art should be a part of every building; they believed that a building could not be beautiful without an artist; and that the structure itself should reflect and/or inspire a particular type of art. In addition, a modern architect can not only design a building to suit an individual's tastes but also to take into account the environment surrounding the building. In this sense, modern architecture is often referred to as an extension of its environment.
The influence of modern architecture can be seen in many places, from the architecture of the American suburbs to the architectural styles of the suburbs of Los Angeles. Modern architecture also influenced a wide range of other modern styles of architecture, most notably the Postmodernism of postmodern architects like Frank Lloyd Wright.
Modern architecture has its origins in the 19th century, in the period known as the Modern Movement. Aspects of this movement are still evident in the design of modern architecture today, although much of its influence is now considered postmodern. Although this movement was largely forgotten in the United States, it had an important impact on the style of architecture throughout the world, particularly in Great Britain, where the term 'crescent city' is often attributed to its influence.
Modernist architects had a number of similarities. They rejected ornamentation and focused on the flow of mass, instead of on decoration or ornamental detail; they rejected ornament as a means of decoration. They were also quick to accept the need for change, whether in terms of aesthetics, design or functionality.
Some modern architecture features some forms of ornamentation, including an elaborate window, but the emphasis is on symmetry and light, as opposed to ornamentation that exaggerates features or adds color or complexity. Some modernists even considered that ornament could add to an interior design, by using elements such as wood to create a focal point, although this practice was often viewed negatively by many in the architectural community. One of the most well-known modernist structures in the United States, the Federal Reserve Building in Washington, D.C., used intricate wood carvings and pillars in the original facade and on the outside of the building. The Federal Reserve Building was constructed over a period of almost 50 years and has become a source of controversy since its construction.
Modernism in architecture can also include various stylistic innovations in the form of glazing, such as the use of insulating materials such as fiberglass and aluminum. These materials have allowed buildings to be built to be insulated to greater heights, while maintaining insulation efficiency. Modernist architects also were quick to adopt unconventional materials like brick, plasterboard, which is a mixture of plaster and wood. This technique has made use of a wide variety of materials, which is often combined in unusual ways.
As with all design techniques, it is very important to consult with an architect that has knowledge of and expertise in contemporary design. The architect should be able to give you information on trends, as well as design materials and techniques used in contemporary design, as well as give you guidance on what is suitable for your specific location. With the right help and guidance, you can be certain to create a structure that will be both beautiful and functional for your home.
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